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সংকলিত কবিতা - সুকুমার রায় APK

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Sukumar Roy, a Bengali writer, poet, writer, humorous, essayist

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সুকুমার রায় (১৮৮৭ - ১৯২৩) (ইংরেজি ভাষা: Sukumar Roy) একজন বাঙালি শিশুসাহিত্যিক ও ভারতীয় সাহিত্যে "ননসেন্স রাইমের" প্রবর্তক। তিনি একাধারে লেখক, ছড়াকার, শিশুসাহিত্যিক, রম্যরচনাকার, প্রাবন্ধিক ও নাট্যকার। তিনি ছিলেন জনপ্রিয় শিশুসাহিত্যিক উপেন্দ্রকিশোর রায়চৌধুরীর সন্তান এবং তাঁর পুত্র খ্যাতিমান চলচ্চিত্রকার সত্যজিৎ রায়। তাঁর লেখা কবিতার বই আবোল তাবোল, গল্প হযবরল, গল্প সংকলন পাগলা দাশু, এবং নাটক চলচ্চিত্তচঞ্চরী বিশ্বসাহিত্যে সর্বযুগের সেরা "ননসেন্স" ধরণের ব্যঙ্গাত্মক শিশুসাহিত্যের অন্যতম বলে মনে করা হয়, কেবল অ্যালিস ইন ওয়ান্ডারল্যান্ড (Alice in Wonderland) ইত্যাদি কয়েকটি মুষ্টিমেয় ক্লাসিক-ই যাদের সমকক্ষ। মৃত্যুর বহু বছর পরেও তিনি বাংলা সাহিত্যের জনপ্রিয়তম শিশুসাহিত্যিকদের একজন।

আবোল তাবোল
পাগলা দাশু
হেশোরাম হুশিয়ারের ডায়েরি
অবাক জলপান
লক্ষণের শক্তিশেল
ঝালাপালা ও অনান্য নাটক[১]
হ য ব র ল
শব্দ কল্প দ্রুম
ভাষার অত্যাচার

Sukumar Ray was an Indian Bengali humorous poet, story writer and playwright who mainly wrote for children. His works such as the collection of poems "Aboltabol" , novella "HaJaBaRaLa", short story collection "Pagla Dashu" and play "Chalachittachanchari" are considered equal in stature to Alice in Wonderland. More than 80 years after his death, Ray remains one of the most popular of children's writers in both West Bengal and Bangladesh.

Sukumar Ray was the son of children's story writer Upendrakishore Ray (Ray Chowdhury), the father of Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray and grandfather of Bengali filmmaker Sandip Ray. Sukumar Ray was also known as the convenor of "Monday Club" (Bengali: মণ্ডা ক্লাব), a weekly gathering of like-minded people at the Ray residence, where the members were free to express their opinions about the world at large. A number of poems were penned by Sukumar Ray in relation to the matters concerning "Monday Club", primarily soliciting attendance, announcing important meetings etc.

Abol tabol (Gibberish)
Pagla Dashu (Crazy Dashu)[6]
Khai-Khai (Eat-Eat)
Heshoram Hushiyarer Diary (The diary of Heshoram Hushiyar) (early science fiction parody)[7]
HaJaBaRaLa (Mumbo-Jumbo)
Jhalapala O Onanyo Natok (Cacophony and Other Plays)
Lakkhaner Shoktishel (The Weapon of Lakkhan)
Bhasar Atyachar (Torture of Language 1915)

Ray was born in a Brahmo family in Calcutta, India on 30 October 1887. Born in the era which can be called the pinnacle of the Bengal Renaissance, he grew up in an environment that fostered his literary talents. His father was a writer of stories and popular science; painter and illustrator; musician and composer of songs; a technologist and hobbyist astronomer. Upendrakishore was also a close friend of Rabindranath Tagore, who directly influenced Sukumar. Among other family friends were Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Upendrakishore studied the technology of blockmaking, conducted experiments, and set up a business of making blocks. The firm M/s U. Ray & Sons, where Sukumar and his younger brother Subinay were involved. His sister, Shukhalata Rao, became a social worker and children's book author. Like his father, Ray also was a very good friend of Rabindranath Tagore.

Sukumar Ray was also a leader of the reformist wing in the Brahmo Samaj. Sukumar Ray wrote a long poem "Atiter Katha" (Bengali: অতীতের কথা), which was a popular presentation of the history of the Brahmo Samaj—it was published as a small booklet to introduce the rationale of the Brahmo Samaj to children. Sukumar also campaigned to bring in Rabindranath Tagore, the most famous Brahmo of his time, as a leader of the Samaj.

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Date published: Jan 13, 2017

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